The term “URL” is an abbreviation for “Uniform Resource Locator,” which refers to a standardized address used to locate and access resources on the internet. The three words in the URL have unique meanings:
- Uniform: A constant address
- Resource: Anything available online such as web page, image, video, document, etc.
- Locator: Helping the user to fetch the correct resource.
A URL is a core concept in web technology that functions as a unique address or identifier for internet sites. It is the web address that you type in the address bar of your web browser to access a website or obtain specific information.
Components of URL
There are a total of twelve components in a URL. It is not necessary to fetch some resources the user should get all twelve components in the address bar. It depends on the owner of the website and how they set the URL for the particular resource.
Let’s understand the component of URL with an example.
- Domain Name:
- Top-Level Domain:
- Second-Level Domain:
- Third-Level Domain:
- Port Number:
- Query String Separator:
- Variable and Value:
Different Types of TLDs
Generic Top-Level Domains
|.com||Commercial website such as business and e-commerce.|
|.net||Networking websites such as internet service providers (ISPs) and infrastructure companies.|
|.org||Non-profit websites such as charitable, social, cultural sites.|
Country Code Top-Level Domains
|.au||Australia related websites|
|.ie||Ireland related websites|
|.in||India related websites|
|.uk||United Kingdom related websites|
|.us||United States of America related websites|
Sponsored Top-Level Domains
New Generic Top-Level Domains
|.shop||Shopping or e-commerce websites|
|.travel||Travel or tourism websites|